What is an HTTP Endpoint in Sql Server? Well, it is a way to
create a usable interface using HTTP or TCP for SOAP, T-Sql, Service
Brokering and a few other things. I’m just going to tell you,
quick and simple, about creating a web service to return data, although
you can return scalar values, messages and errors too. The
results returned are serialized into Xml. If you have Windows
2003, you don’t have to have IIS installed. Sql server will use
the http.sys module in the Win2K3 kernel.
So lets look at creating a usable web service from within Sql Server. Lets start with creating a stored procedure.
Now, lets create our sql server web service, known as an HTTP ENDPOINT.
There we go. We now have a web service! You
access and use this endpoint the same way you would any other web
service. You can create multiple WEBMETHODs in a single endpoint,
just seperate them with commas in the FOR SOAP statement.
Here are the values you can use for the “STATE” argument:
- STARTED—listening and responding
- DISABLED—neither listening nor responding
- STOPPED—listening, but returns errors to client requests
Here are the “AS HTTP” arguments you can use:
- Path – The virtual URL path on the server where the Web service will reside
- INTEGRATED – most secure. It will try to use Kerberos-based authentication if possible (otherwise, NTLM).
- DIGEST is not as secure as INTEGRATED. You should use it only if INTEGRATED authentication is not possible.
- BASIC authentication is the least secure. You should use it only if
you can’t implement either INTEGRATED or DIGEST authentication methods.
BASIC requires SSL as the Port value.
- Ports – CLEAR (HTTP – port 80 by default) SSL (HTTPS – port 443 by default)
- Site – The name of the server on which the Web service is running
So, now lets put our endpoint to work. First, create a new
windows application project, and add a web reference to it. When
you browse for the web service, it won’t be discovered
automatically. You have to type in the url and click “go”.
The url in this case is http://localhost/Employee?wsdl.
You’ll see the EmployeeList method come up in the list, just like using
any other web service. Go ahead and add the service and rename it
to whatever. I called mine “adventureWorksService”.
Now we just add code like using any other webservice. I’ve
added a button to click to populate the listbox on my form. So
here it is:
I am having problems with my Adobe Photoshop, so I don’t have any screenshots to show you. You’ll just have to trust me.
Here are the other return values from the endpoint:
- Select statement – Convert to DataSet
- Select statement FOR XML – Convert to XmlElement
- Error or Message – WSDL SqlMessage
- Output parameter – WSDL SqlParameter
- Row count – WSDL SqlRowCount
- RETURN statement – Convert to Int32
Tada! There you go! A web service straight from Sql Server!